Nehemiah Coxe on the Relationship between the Abrahamic Covenant and the Mosaic Covenant

Referring to Genesis 17, Nehemiah Coxe writes:

“It is observable, That in this Transaction of God with Abraham we first meet with an express Injunction of Obedience to a Command (and that of positive Right) as the Condition of Covenant-Interest…And in this Mode of transacting it, the Lord was pleased to draw the first Lines of that Form of Covenant-Relation, which the natural Seed of Abraham, were fully stated in by the Law of Moses, which was a Covenant of Works, and its Condition or Terms, Do this and Live.”


From “A Discourse of the Covenants…”

How to write good and do other stuff good, too.

Do you want to learn to write good and do other stuff good too? Look no further because this surefire guide to good writing will give you everything you need!

First things first: How to Sit.
ST, The Child's book and Youth's Book-Writing-1

Like so:

Very good. Now, you will need a few things in order to do your writing.
ST, The Child's book and Youth's Book-Writing-2

As you write, observe the following rules–noting well the prize that awaits the one who keeps them:
ST, The Child's book and Youth's Book-Writing-3

Do you want to be fancy? If you want to write good, you need to practice these three hands:
ST, The Child's book and Youth's Book-Writing-4

First, Secretary:
ST, The Child's book and Youth's Book-Writing-5

Second, Roman:
ST, The Child's book and Youth's Book-Writing-6

Lastly, Italian:
ST, The Child's book and Youth's Book-Writing-7

No Comic Sans? No, not if you want to write good.

Now you’re out of ink, and you don’t want to buy the proprietary ink cartridges that go with your printer. They’re super expensive and last 2 minutes. So whatever shall you do!? Make your own, of course!
ST, The Child's book and Youth's Book-Writing-8

But I’m fancy! I don’t want plain ink! Very well then, write with gold.
ST, The Child's book and Youth's Book-Writing-9

Does your employer refuse to let you burn more coal in the workplace? Is your ink freezing? This trick will solve your problem:
ST, The Child's book and Youth's Book-Writing-10

Are you on Her Majesty’s Secret Service? Do you need to send secret messages that are readable only by firelight? Do you also make powerful elven rings?
ST, The Child's book and Youth's Book-Writing-11

I hope you’re not on the Secret Service for this guy…
ST The Childs Book, Charles II 1672

Last things last. Tired of moles? Amaze them with Onions, Garlic, and Leeks!
ST, The Child's book and Youth's Book-Writing-12

Now you can write good, and do other things good, too. Share with your friends and proliferate the goodness.
Never forget,
ST, The Child's Book and The Youth's Book-1

Smoking Spiritualized or De-spiritualized?

Recently I happened upon this interesting piece of literature:
Two Broad-Sides Against Tobacco - Title Page

Apparently King James I was not fond of smoking. He did like holy hand grenades, however.
King James I, Two Broadsides Against Tobacco

King James’ attack on tobacco was originally published in 1604, but in 1672 John Hancock republished it along with the testimonies of a few doctors regarding the health risks of smoking. It’s one of the causes of scurvy, they argued. Near the conclusion of this double broad-side, Hancock addressed those who would persist in smoking, in spite of the warnings. He said,
Two Broad-Sides Against Tobacco, 30

What are the words which he would have smokers to meditate upon?
Two Broad-Sides Against Tobacco, 30-1

When I saw this, I was instantly confused. I was reading “Smoking Spiritualized” by Ralph Erskine, but in a different version. Most notably, it was contained in a work against smoking. And upon a quick wikipedia check, Erskine wasn’t even born until 1685. So who wrote this poem? And when? Why was it attributed to Ralph Erskine? And what explains the changes? And who drinks tobacco!? It took some searching around, but what I found was pretty interesting.

You can see above, that George Withers is mentioned at the end of the poem. Looking around yielded a tentative conclusion that Withers was the original author. Consider the following:
Notes and Queries, 378

Notice in the above reference that Withers’ poem, which is older than the version in Hancock’s piece, contains a different beginning than the one printed by Hancock. The first stanza, or first two strophes, of Wither’s poem praises smoking despite its unpopularity. Withers’ authorship is corroborated in another source:
Reliquary_of_English_Song, xi

After much digging, I was able to find it in 1654
The Marrow of Complements, 176-177

This then raises the question, did John Hancock change the first part of the poem? It would appear not because Hancock’s work is from 1672 but an alternate version with these changes appears in 1670:
Merry Drollery, 26-27

I don’t know who made the changes, but they have stayed with the poem at least into and through Erskine’s adaptation of it. Erskine added the second half of the poem.

The use of the word “drink” in relation to tobacco is explained here:
Notes and Queries, 378-1

What’s quite interesting is that while I could not find Withers’ name attached to older copies of the poem because they appear in collections of poems, he did publish a poem of his own that is very similar in a variety of respects, especially thematic content and diction. Wither’s meditation upon smoking comes from his time spent in prison, which he refers to by saying that he spent his time counting windowpanes or counting steps. Smoking and thinking were a welcome diversion from this monotonous idleness.
An Improvement of Imprisonment, 98-100

So, it would seem that Withers spiritualized smoking while in prison. And the result of his work grew in popularity, shifted in form at some point (which I don’t know how or when or by whom the change was made), and eventually was immortalized by Erskine. As far as I can tell, the second part of the poem is original to Erskine, and his version is found below. After learning of the meaning of the word “drink” in relation to pipe smoking, I think I would prefer to see it retained. It does rhyme internally quite nicely with “think.” But Erskine’s version is impeccable.
Smoking Spiritualized - Part 1

Smoking Spiritualized - Part 2

But that’s not the end of the tale! In 1857 it was republished in “The Guardian,” and once again turned against smoking! The editor reprinted Erskine’s work and added a third verse:
Smoking Spiritualized - Part 3

The editor. Rev. H. Harbaugh also stated:
Part III

So from Withers to Hancock to Erskine to Harbaugh the poem was spiritualized, de-spiritualized, re-spiritualized, only to be re-de-spiritualized. This means of course that a new poet needs to re-re-spiritualize the poem by adding a fourth stanza.

Thus think, and drink tobacco.